The Global Talk
Farms & Factories Health-Wise News & Views



Normally the technique of ‘Honey Trap’, which is an age old spying craft, has been used in Military strategy to elicit important information about the enemy opposite in warfare. Many such Honey Traps succeed as the persons targeted in the Honey Trap Web succumb to the romantic allurement of the opposite sex and ultimately they share the secret info thus putting in peril the safety of their own nations.

But, a trap was laid on HONEY itself- a sweet, viscous food substance made by honey bees and some related insects which we love to consume seeing it’s medicinal worth in our homes.

Trapped in their study is this HONEY itself when the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) investigated, understood and exposed ADULTERATION IN HONEY selling in market which may play havoc with the health as well wallet of gullible consumers who believe and  pay for only Pure Honey .

CSE press release has been carried by almost all leading newspapers which is also available at in their report


The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi. CSE researches into, lobbies for and communicates the urgency of development that is both sustainable and equitable.

We reproduce the text in verbatim captioned as FOOD FRAUD for scientific understanding of this study made by CSE.



Investigations reveal nefarious adulteration business of honey designed to bypass purity tests; massive implications for our health during COVID-19 times

  • Investigations by CSE with laboratory studies in India and Germany reveal rampant adulteration in honey sold by major brands in India — 77 per cent of samples found adulterated with sugar syrup
  • Only three out of 13 brands pass the internationally accepted Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) test
  • Indian standards for honey purity cannot detect the adulteration. This is because Chinese companies have designed sugar syrups to bypass these standards
  • This food fraud severely compromises public health in the troubled times of COVID-19. Indians today are consuming more honey because they believe in its intrinsic goodness – antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties – and to build immunity against the virus

For the Hindi translation of this press release, please visit our website:

New Delhi, December 2, 2020: “It is a food fraud more nefarious and more sophisticated than what we found in our 2003 and 2006 investigations into soft drinks; more damaging to our health than perhaps anything that we have found till now – keeping in mind the fact that we are still fighting against a killer COVID-19 pandemic with our backs to the wall. This overuse of sugar in our diet will make it worse,” said Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) director general Sunita Narain today, while releasing a new CSE investigation into honey adulteration. The study has found that almost all brands of honey being sold in Indian markets are adulterated with sugar syrup.

“This is immensely worrying, as it will further compromise health in the troubled times of COVID-19. We know that households today are consuming more honey because of its intrinsic goodness – antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Our research has found that most of the honey sold in the market is adulterated with sugar syrup. Therefore, instead of honey, people are eating more sugar, which will add to the risk of COVID-19. Sugar ingestion is directly linked to obesity, and obese people are more vulnerable to life-threatening infections,” added Narain.

What did the investigation find?
CSE food researchers selected 13 top and smaller brands of processed and raw honey being sold in India. Samples of these brands were first tested at the Centre for Analysis and Learning in Livestock and Food (CALF) at National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in Gujarat. Almost all the top brands (except Apis Himalaya) passed the tests of purity, while a few smaller brands failed the tests to detect C4 sugar – call it basic adulteration using cane sugar.

But when the same brands were tested using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) – laboratory tests currently being used globally to check for such modified sugar syrups – almost all big and small brands failed. Out of the 13 brands tests, only three passed the NMR test, which was done by a specialized laboratory in Germany.

“What we found was shocking,” says Amit Khurana, programme director of CSE’s Food Safety and Toxins team. “It shows how the business of adulteration has evolved so that it can pass the stipulated tests in India. Our concern is not just that the honey we eat is adulterated, but that this adulteration is difficult to catch. In fact, we have found that the sugar syrups are designed so that they can go undetected.”

The findings were:

  • 77 per cent of the samples were found to be adulterated with addition of sugar syrup.
  • Out of 22 samples tested, only five passed all the tests.
  • Honey samples from leading brands such as Dabur, Patanjali, Baidyanath, Zandu, Hitkari and Apis Himalaya, all failed the NMR test.
  • Only 3 out of the 13 brands – Saffola, Markfed Sohna and Nature’s Nectar (one out of two samples) — passed all the tests.

As of August 1, 2020, NMR tests have been made mandatory in India for honey that is meant for export, suggesting that the Indian government is aware of this adulteration business and the need for more advanced tests.

The China connection and how we broke ‘honeygate’
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), in the past year, has directed importers and state food commissioners that golden syrup, invert sugar syrup and rice syrup imported into the country was being used for adulteration of honey. Says Khurana: “It remains unclear how much does the food regulator really know about this murky business.

He adds: “The three imported sugar syrups named by FSSAI in its directive – golden syrup, invert sugar syrup and rice syrup — are either not imported in these names or are not indicted for adulteration. Instead, Chinese companies are mostly exporting this syrup as fructose to India. So, why did FSSAI put out what is clearly an erroneous order? We are not certain.”

CSE tracked down Chinese trade portals like Alibaba which were advertising fructose syrup that can bypass tests. It also found that the same Chinese companies that advertised this fructose syrup that can beat C3 and C4 tests also exported to India. CSE then conducted an undercover operation to find out more. It sent emails to Chinese companies soliciting syrups that could pass tests in India. It received replies that syrups were available and could be sent to India.

Chinese companies informed CSE that even if 50-80 per cent of the honey is adulterated with syrup it would pass all stipulated tests. A sample of the syrup that can bypass tests was then sent by the Chinese company as “paint pigment” to get through customs.

CSE also tracked down factory that manufactures syrup to adulterate honey to Jaspur in Uttarakhand. Using the code word for the syrup “all pass”, CSE researchers made contact and procured a sample.

To understand if the sugar syrups would pass the laboratory tests undetected, CSE then adulterated samples of pure honey. “What was shocking to find is that adulterated samples with 25 per cent and 50 per cent sugar syrup passed the test of purity. In this way, we confirmed that sugar syrups exist that can bypass the 2020 FSSAI standard for honey,” says Khurana.

What is CSE asking for?
Says Narain: “It is time we outwitted the business of adulteration. We have the following ‘asks’ from the government, industry and consumers”:

  • Stop the import of syrups and honey from China
  • Strengthen enforcement in India through public testing so that companies are held responsible. Government should get samples tested using advanced technologies and make this information public so that consumers are aware and our health is not compromised. It will also hold companies responsible.
  • Ensure that every honey company is required to trace back the origins of the honey – from the beekeeper to the hive.

“But we as consumers must also become more aware of the honey we eat for its goodness. For instance, we often assume that if honey crystallises then it is not honey. This is not correct. We must start learning the taste, smell and colour of the honey that is natural,” says Narain.

She adds: “We are consuming honey – more of it to fight the pandemic. But honey adulterated with sugar will not make us well. It will, in fact, make us even more vulnerable. On the other hand, what should also concern us is that the loss of bees will lead to a collapse of our food system – bees are critical for pollination; if honey is adulterated, then not only do we lose our health, but also the productivity of our agriculture.”

“It is for this reason we are publishing this investigation – we know that the honey processing industry is powerful and will argue that it meets the Indian standards for honey purity – but there is too much at stake here,” say Narain and Khurana.

See the attached prints for a bird’s eye view of the whole investigation.

  • For the Report on the laboratory tests, the Down To Earth cover story, videos on the subject, and other content, please visit our websites:
  • Follow the webinar / online PC proceedings here:
  • For any help with interviews etc, please contact: Sukanya Nair,, 8816818864


We are grateful to for awakening the consumers and whole heartedly thank them for using their info here. As this study is scientific, we are reproducing the information already in Public Domain now. We don’t have any malice against any particular Brand but, we are concerned about health of our people in difficult Covid-19 times.



Dr.Sunil Chopra December 3, 2020 at 7:05 am

Very informative and making one and all understand the gravity of the situation.

Surinder Kumar Arora December 3, 2020 at 9:57 am

A disturbing revelation which has increased our worries to get pure and un adulterated food. Every item in our kitchen is in the circle of suspicion now, right from water to milk, ghee, wheat, etc. The greed to get rich quickly and desire to outdo others in worldly wealth, the man has stooped this level. The onus to bring the culprit to book is on the Regulator, which, I hope should act fast.

Brij Bhushan Goyal December 3, 2020 at 10:09 am

Very well said,Sir.If the regulator is sincere,vigilant and tough, only then the adulteration in food items can be checked .

Greedy corporate damn care for our health .People have to be vigilant themselves following the dictum ‘Buyers Beware’.

In older times, people used to get Honey skimmed from beehives on trees their presence in the villages .

Also chemicals on crops is poisoning the content of honey also.

Mohinder Desor December 3, 2020 at 10:28 am

We need stronger laws, and even stronger implementation of such laws. Adulteration of food should be treated under the category of “attempt to murder” and should invite the harshest of punishments. It is shocking that even reputed brands, including those that are promoted by Ascetics, have failed the purity tests. Let’s hope that deterrent action is taken against these brands. Such action will be a reflection of the Government’s intention to protect the citizenry and will have a positive ripple affect.

Ashwani Kumar Malhotra December 4, 2020 at 10:00 am

It is not surprising that big names in the food processing have failed the purity test in honey . It has happened inthe past and will happen the future too, sice the offenders are easily let off the hook as there are many loopholes and there is not sincerity in the follow up.


Leave a Comment